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鄱阳湖
来历:市水利局   作者:   宣布日期:2022-12-13   拜候量:

鄱阳湖的古称(cheng)良多:彭蠡(li)泽、彭泽、官亭(ting)湖、扬澜、担石湖等(deng)等(deng),不下十个。这倒不是(shi)因(yin)(yin)为(wei)它(ta)(ta)有很(hen)多渊源,而是(shi)因(yin)(yin)为(wei)它(ta)(ta)吞并了很(hen)多小湖,逐(zhu)步扩展(zhan),同时也(ye)(ye)并蓄了那些小湖的名字。它(ta)(ta)本(ben)初(chu)的乳名源自(zi)大禹(yu)治水(shui)期间,这片(pian)地域因(yin)(yin)阵势低洼,构成(cheng)了数条分汊状水(shui)系,以是(shi)取古汉语中(zhong)表数目多的实词“九”,称(cheng)其为(wei)九江(jiang)。《禹(yu)贡》中(zhong)记录“九江(jiang)急切,东为(wei)彭蠡(li)。”彭者,大也(ye)(ye);蠡(li)者,瓠(hu)瓢(piao)也(ye)(ye),即(ji)葫芦。也(ye)(ye)便是(shi)说,这片(pian)凹(ao)地湖泊,自(zi)古就(jiu)形(xing)似葫芦瓢(piao)。

鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)湖(hu)名(ming)(ming)由(you)来,向(xiang)来说(shuo)法(fa)不一(yi),首(shou)要(yao)有(you)两(liang)种(zhong)支流说(shuo)法(fa)一(yi)向(xiang)博弈:其(qi)一(yi)以(yi)地(di)为(wei)(wei)名(ming)(ming);其(qi)二以(yi)山为(wei)(wei)名(ming)(ming)。以(yi)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)山为(wei)(wei)名(ming)(ming)是(shi)较支流,并为(wei)(wei)大都人接管的一(yi)种(zhong)说(shuo)法(fa)。《舆地(di)纪(ji)胜》卷23饶州(zhou)载,“湖(hu)中有(you)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)山,故名(ming)(ming)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)湖(hu)。其(qi)湖(hu)横亘数百里,亦名(ming)(ming)彭(peng)蠡(li)湖(hu)”。《读(du)史方舆记要(yao)》亦称(cheng)(cheng)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)湖(hu)是(shi)“炀帝时,以(yi)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)山所接,兼有(you)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)之(zhi)称(cheng)(cheng)”。以(yi)地(di)为(wei)(wei)名(ming)(ming)的证据是(shi):鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)县古称(cheng)(cheng)番邑(yi),亦称(cheng)(cheng)番阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang),秦(qin)之(zhi)前属吴越(yue)楚皆曾属。隋(sui)唐(tang)宋元间(jian)一(yi)向(xiang)附属饶州(zhou),隋(sui)朝(chao)大业(ye)三年曾改饶州(zhou)郡为(wei)(wei)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)郡,这是(shi)“彭(peng)蠡(li)泽(ze)”改称(cheng)(cheng)“鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)湖(hu)”的主要(yao)汗青期(qi)间(jian)。这便(bian)是(shi)鄱(po)(po)(po)阳(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)湖(hu)称(cheng)(cheng)号的由(you)来。